In the UK, medicines are often included in some of the following preparations: a rectangular box with pom letters appears on prescription medicine packages. The Table Reclassifications approved as at 30 September 2021 (MS Excel spreadsheet, 34.7 KB) 1991 – 2021 contains information on UK medicines reclassified from prescription medicines (POM) to pharmacy medicines (P) and from medicines P to general sales lists (GSL) from 1991 to 30 September 2021. The list is updated every six months. From 1991 to 2015, only the first reclassification of a substance is included, and other extensions such as broader indications, additional packaging sizes or higher concentrations were not considered. As of 2016, all significant and standard reclassifications are included. Reclassifications based on an analog product (known as “me-too”) are not included. Each drug has an approved name called a generic name. This name does not change. A group of drugs that work in a similar way often have similar-sounding generic names. For example, penicillin, ampicillin, amoxycillin, and flucloxacillin are the generic names for a group of antibiotics. Others belong to several classes, even within the same system.

An example is finasteride, which treats enlarged prostate and regrows hair. It is therefore in two categories depending on these uses. We are committed to expanding access to medicines for the benefit of public health where this is certain, and we ask patients and healthcare professionals to contribute to the reclassification process. In addition to safety considerations, a key factor in the reclassification process is the focus on issues of importance to patients and healthcare professionals. To understand these issues, we are organizing stakeholder groups and public consultations. The terms “natural”, “plant-based” and “plant-derived” do not necessarily mean “safe”. Many plants can be toxic to humans, and many pharmaceutical drugs have been developed from plants that use strong compounds that contain them. MHRA Guide to Drug Naming (PDF, 235 KB, 20 pages) Compared to retail packaging, drugs such as ibuprofen and paracetamol can be purchased in larger packages under the supervision of a pharmacist. But there can always be a limit to the amount of drugs in pharmacies that a person can buy. This helps prevent inappropriate and potentially harmful use in the long term and reduces the delay in diagnosing a disease that requires different treatment.

Other examples of pharmaceutical drugs include tablets for emergency contraception and drugs containing codeine to treat pain that is not relieved by aspirin, ibuprofen or paracetamol alone. Examples of general-selling drugs include small packages of painkillers and antihistamines for hay fever and other allergies. To reduce the likelihood of damage due to misuse, many packages of general medications contain only a few doses and often contain tips for getting help from a doctor if the disease does not improve or worsen. A general-selling drug may be recommended for the treatment of a limited number of conditions, while the same drug may be used for a wider range of conditions when sold as a pharmacy drug, and for an even wider range of conditions when it is dispensed by prescription. Prescription drugs and pharmacy drugs can be used in higher doses and for a longer duration than general sale drugs. In addition, medicines in general sales packages can only be used for certain groups of people; For example, they may not be recommended for use by children or during pregnancy. Pharmacy, Prescription (POM) and General Sales List (GSL) Drugs: Apply to move your medication to a different classification. Like all medicines, herbal medicines should be stored safely in accordance with your organisational policy. For “controlled” drugs, stricter legal controls apply to prevent them: herbal medicines can also interact with other medicines that the assisted person is taking.

This could lead to a reduced or greater effect of other medications, including side effects. Therefore, it is very important that someone who prescribes medication to a supported person is aware of all the herbal remedies that the person is currently taking. These look like ordinary tablets or liquids, but you don`t swallow them. Oral drugs are held in the cheek so that the oral mucosa absorbs the active substance. Sublingual drugs work in the same way, but are placed under the tongue. Oral and sublingual medications are usually only given in very specific circumstances. A description of the legal classification of medicines in the UK can be found on the Royal Pharmaceutical Society website and in the publications Medicines Ethics and Practice. [4] Since you choose the best option and there are so many over-the-counter products to choose from, it`s important to choose one that only treats the symptoms you or your loved one have. Just as you would follow your doctor`s advice when taking a prescription medication, you need to know the facts about how to take over-the-counter medications safely. These medications also require a prescription from a doctor such as a doctor or dentist.

They have certain restrictions on how they are distributed, stored, and administered. A pharmacist may provide a patient with prescription drugs without a prescription at the request of a prescribing physician or patient. Each application is reviewed on a case-by-case basis using professional judgment to decide which course of action is considered to be in the best interests of the patient. The basic principle of drug classification is to maximize timely access to effective drugs while minimizing the risk of harm resulting from misuse. “Over-the-counter medicines”: all medicines generally sold and medicines in pharmacies. The description conveniently distinguishes between drugs that can be purchased and those that need to be prescribed. The term “over-the-counter medicines” is informal and is not used in UK medicines regulations. From the broadest perspective, you are left with 51 drug classes and thousands of subclasses and subcategories. While these drugs are generally considered “non-dangerous,” that doesn`t mean they don`t pose a risk – so you should always be careful when giving them to a person. You can recognize these drugs by the “P” printed on the package. The Medicines Act 1968 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, more specifically: an Act introducing new provisions relating to medicinal products and related matters and for related purposes.

[1] It regulates the control of medicinal products for human and veterinary use, including the manufacture and supply of medicinal products and the manufacture and supply of (medicated) feedingstuffs. [2] MHRA Guide to Request for Exclusivity for Changing the Legal Status of a Medicinal Product (PDF, 72.2KB, 3 pages) The brand name is usually written most clearly on each package. However, you will still see the generic name written somewhere on the package. Some products contain a combination of medications. Combination products usually have a brand name. However, the individual ingredients are all listed on the packaging. The legal classification of a drug can sometimes change – we call this reclassification. It is sometimes called “switching”. Growing confidence in the role of the drug and a better understanding of its side effects can lead to a change in classification. Prescription medications can help clear an ear or sinus infection, lower high blood pressure, or treat or treat a variety of chronic and life-threatening diseases such as diabetes, asthma, heart disease, and cancer. These medications require a prescription from a physician or other health professional authorized to prescribe medications and must be taken exactly as directed and only by the family member to whom they are prescribed. The law defines three categories of drugs: prescription drugs (POM)[3], which are only available from a pharmacist if prescribed by an appropriate doctor; Drugs in pharmacies (P), which are only available from a pharmacist, but without a prescription; and General Sales List (GSL) drugs that can be purchased at any store without a prescription.

What about your daily multivitamin? Although vitamins, herbs, and other supplements come in similar packaging, and many have the form of pills, they are not considered OTCs. The Food and Drug Administration categorizes these products as food, so they don`t have to follow the same strict rules that prescription drugs must follow by law. Be sure to let your health care providers know when you use them. Mixing certain supplements or herbs with foods or other medications can be dangerous. We are also conducting 21-day public consultations for certain drugs that are being reclassified and these will be posted on the consultation page as they become available. These consultations will gather your views on the reclassification of a particular drug. Public consultations will take place later in the processing of a reclassification application, after the application has been reviewed by the MHRA assessors and after the Human Medicines Commission has sought an independent opinion. The three legal categories are explained here, with examples of drugs in each of the categories. We also explain how the categories refer to the term over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Complementary medicines (also known as “traditional” or “alternative” medicines) include vitamins, minerals, herbs, aromatherapy and homeopathic products.

Like over-the-counter products, these products are available without a prescription. Most medications are available in a variety of types or formats. However, keep in mind that some medications (especially rare or unusual) are only available in one type. Also, some may be more effective in one type than in another.

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